Will This Affect Their Criminal Record
One of the biggest questions parents or guardians ask when a child or teenager is arrested is, “Will this affect their criminal record?” Unfortunately, there is no easy answer to this question as juvenile cases can be very complex, and the outcomes of juvenile cases depend on several factors.
Juvenile delinquency generally refers to the unlawful acts committed by youths. These unlawful acts would have been charged as crimes if the youths were instead adults. Technically speaking, there is a difference between a child or teenager being “adjudicated delinquent” and being “convicted” of a crime. There are several reasons for this distinction, but two of the most common are (1) a child is a person in a specified age range who tends to live under the supervision of a parent or guardian; and (2) the emphasis in juvenile court is on rehabilitation and support, and not necessarily punishment.
At What Age Does a Person Qualify as a Juvenile?
Nevada law defines a juvenile as a “child.” Under Nevada law, a “child” is any of the following:
• A person who is less than 18 years of age
• A person who is less than 21 years of age and subject to the jurisdiction of the juvenile court for an unlawful act that was committed before the person reached 18 years of age
• A person who is otherwise subject to the jurisdiction of the juvenile court as a juvenile sex offender